The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the body. It plays an important role in most sports and is particularly vulnerable to overloading. Unsurprisingly, therefore, the Achilles is the most commonly ruptured tendon.
Causes for Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles tendon ruptures mostly occur in abrupt, forceful contraction of the calf muscles. The calf muscles pulls up on the tendon. Ruptures may be partial, although complete ruptures are far more common. The risk of rupture increases if there is an underlying degeneration of the tendon, as in Achilles Tendinopathy.
Symptoms & Diagnosis for Achilles Tendon Rupture
If you sustain an Achilles tendon rupture, you will feel a sudden, usually intense, pain, similar to that of a kick, in your calf. You may have varying degrees of bruising and swelling, stiffness in your calf and heel, and be unable to stand on tiptoe. In the case of complete rupture, you may also hear an audible snap, as the tendon tears, and be able to feel a “gap” in your leg at the point of rupture. Our specialist will make a diagnosis through examination of the affected area, and with an X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound scan.
Risks & Complications for Leaving Achilles Tendon Rupture
An untreated partial Achilles tendon rupture can lead to a complete rupture several weeks later. Scar tissue may build up around a partial rupture, resulting in a disabling condition that will cause you chronic pain.
Achilles Tendon Rupture Treatment
Surgery to repair the damaged tendon.